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    国画丝印中知识
    来源: 2017-01-11 17:44:48
    国画所使用的宣纸印刷一般分为:生宣和熟宣两类。熟宣是经过矾水处理过的宣纸,因其水墨不易渗透,可表现较细致的线条,可反复进行网版套色,而渲染面积小。
    The use of the traditional Chinese painting Xuan paper printing is generally divided into: students and two kinds of ripe. After the sun is cooked rice paper alum water treatment, because the ink is not easy to permeate, can show the detailed line, can be repeated screen printing, and rendering of small area.
    生宣是没有经过加工的宣纸,吸水性和渲染性都强,印料印上去之后很容易散开。利于表现一些写意山水之类的墨韵变化充足的作品。
    There is no Xuan processed rice paper, absorbent and rendering are strong, ink printed after it is easy to spread. Conducive to the performance of some impressionistic landscapes, such as changes in the work of ink rhyme adequate.
    从丝印国画的流程上来讲,我建议大家先从熟宣开始。因为熟宣毕竟易于掌握其线条与墨块的渲染程度,在多怖∥套版时,也不容易造成混色。
    From the screen printing process, I suggest that we start from the beginning of cooked. Because after all, easy to grasp the ripe degree of line and ink rendering, the terror "set, it is not easy to cause color mixing.
    对于购买来的熟宣,也不能直接立刻就用于丝印国画,还有必要再进行一下"过矾"处理才可以。
    For the purchase of the ripe, can not directly immediately for silk screen painting, there is a need to make a "alum" treatment can.
    处理办法如下:在平整的桌案上,打湿旧报纸后垫在待处理的熟宣纸下面,在碗中放入温水,加入少许明矾,(明矾又叫白矾,味涩。半透明。先将明矾研成细面再加入温水泡化)待溶后,用排笔蘸溶后的明矾水均匀地涂刷在宣纸表面上,涂刷时注意掌握力度,涂刷均匀饱满,不可有漏刷。刷后连报纸一起揭下晾干。干后的熟宣纸可以用来做为丝印国画的载体宣纸
    Processing method is as follows: in the flat table, with old newspapers after the pad below the cooked rice paper, placed in warm water in a bowl, add a little alum, alum (also called alum, astringent. Translucent. The first alum research into fine flour then add warm water to be dissolved after the use of) brush dipped after dissolving the alum water evenly on the paper surface, besmear attention to grasp the intensity, uniform coating and full, can not leak brush. Brush off the newspaper together with dry. Dry cooked rice paper can be used as a carrier of traditional Chinese painting Xuan paper printing
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